Dog Breed with a Long Snout

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Have you ever wondered why there are some dog breeds with a long snout and pointed nose whereas others look smooshed to the point of discomfort? From the graceful greyhound to a regal Afghan hound, long-nose dogs are some of the most captivating.

In fact of the dogs that the American Kennel Club recognizes, 200 are a breed with that long snout. This article delves into some of the most popular long-nosed breeds and explores the reasons behind their sleek snouts.

whippet dog breed with long snout
Photo credit: Canva.

Why do dogs have a long snout?

All domesticated dogs, whether an American Eskimo or a tiny chihuahua, stem from the same species, Canis familiaris. Human interference through selective breeding has resulted in hundreds of different-looking canines. The difference in appearance isn’t just about looks — there’s often a specific purpose or intention with each breed.

A dog’s nose contains around 300 million olfactory sensors, according to the AKC. That’s 100,000 times more sensitive than a human’s.

A dog breed with a long snout, however, has even more olfactory sensors. This is a characteristic purposely targeted for dogs that were bred for hunting and tracking purposes. While this isn’t always the case, it’s evident in many of the drug-sniffing dog breeds as well as other service dogs.

Some dogs simply use their long snouts to get what they want. My dog Oscar uses his long nose to encourage affection.

He is the first dog I’ve ever adopted that uses his snout to nudge my hand repeatedly to pet him. And, of course, I comply.

However, his long snout can be a disadvantage. Whereas his sister Sadie (who is a short-nosed breed) has no problem licking the bottom of a shallow bowl, poor Oscar can barely get his face in it.

Advantages and disadvantages of long noses

A long-nosed dog, also known as dolichocephalic, stands in stark contrast to a brachycephalic dog with a short nose. Think about dog breeds with flat faces, such as the French bulldog, which are also excellent at splooting.

The dogs with an elongated muzzles allow for more efficient airflow, helping to dissipate heat during warm weather as well as putting them at the top of the class for scent detection, whether that’s bomb-sniffing or tracking over long distances.

Health issues related to a long snout

On the other hand, a dog breed with a long snout makes them more susceptible to injury, such as trauma to the nose in working conditions and dental issues due to the length of their jaw.

Unlike short-nosed breeds, dolichocephalic breeds are not prone to breathing problems or overheating nearly as much.

Popular dog breed with a long snout

Here’s a rundown of some of the most popular and striking breeds with a long snout. These are dogs that have captured the hearts of many, either for their looks or their working abilities.

Greyhound

greyhound dog breed with a long snout
Greyhound. Photo credit: Canva.

Without a doubt, the greyhound is by far the most well-known and popular long-nose dog breed. Often nicknamed the 40-mph-couch-potato (because it is the fastest dog breed yet also one of the laziest), this breed features a long thin snout, tall stature, lanky legs and folded ears.

The greyhound is the perfect example of the long nose not existing for its olfactory capabilities but rather for its sleek appearance and aerodynamics. Greyhounds are bred for racing and have some of the most impressive sprinting capabilities of all breeds.

Anyone who’s owned a retired racer knows of their invitingly sweet and calm disposition. They make excellent housepets and, despite prevailing misconception, don’t need much more than a few leash walks a day.

Greyhounds are often seen bundled up in winter jackets the minute it gets cold. Don’t be fooled into thinking this is due to crazy pet owners.

The breed has a very short coat and thin skin and doesn’t tolerate the cold well. So whereas with other breeds you may worry about how to keep your dog cool, it’s the opposite with greyhounds. Dog booties are a common accessory among these delicate social souls.

Afghan hound

dog breed with a long snout afghan
Afghan hound. Photo credit: Canva.

This doggie diva not only makes an appearance on this list but also happens to be among the dumbest dog breeds. Originally bred to hunt, their long nose previously served a purpose but isn’t used nearly as often today. 

Afghans sport a long, luxurious hair-like coat that swings gorgeously as they walk. Combined with their long snout, they’re the fashionista of the canine world. They’re also quite high maintenance as that coat requires daily brushing.

Collie

texas-andm-mascot-collie-reveille
Collie. Photo credit: Canva.

The collie became widely popular in America thanks to the show “Lassie” which debuted in the 1950s. Collies feature a long nose with a medium size body and a long, flowy coat. Texas A&M University mascot called Reveille is a collie.

Originally bred to herd livestock, collies are incredibly intelligent and social dogs. Similar in function to an Australian shepherd but much calmer in temperament, they’re extremely loyal and will do almost anything to please their human family. 

Whippet

dog breed with a long snout whippet
Whippet. Photo credit: Canva.

If you’ve ever looked at a whippet and thought it was a mini greyhound, you wouldn’t be alone. This breed is a relative of both the greyhound and the Italian greyhound. Like the greyhound, they were bred to chase rabbits for sport. 

They’re often considered the goldilocks of these three breeds falling right in the middle regarding size and overall household requirements. Like all sighthounds, they enjoy short bursts of energy, which a game of frisbee in the backyard can easily accommodate. Overall, they’re calm, friendly and affectionate in social situations.

Dachshund

dachshund dog a breed with a long nose
Photo credit: Adobe Stock.

Nicknamed the wiener dog, this sweet yet spunky breed has a long, sausage-like body and a long nose to match. Combined with their floppy ears, they’re an interesting sight among all dog breeds.

Whereas some long-snout breeds are susceptible to injuring their noses, you have a different consideration with dachshunds. With this breed, you need to pay special attention to their spine due to its longer length. These dogs often require steps or ramps up to higher surfaces to avoid jumping and hurting themselves.

German Shepherd

german shepherd is a dog breed with a long snout
German shepherd. Photo credit: Canva.

The German shepherd is a striking dog. Along with their working counterparts, the Belgian Malinois and Dutch shepherd, two similar long-nosed breeds in both appearance and function, were bred for all-purpose work and protection.

The German shepherd, aka German shepherd dog, aka GSD embodies the quintessential canine. Their elongated nose, perked-up ears and solid stature all fit together in a stunning visual package.

Depending on disposition, they can also make a great family dog. While he didn’t choose their dog, Bingo, a German shepherd/labrador mix, for his long nose or appearance, Dan from PetNPat says, “We wanted a large breed dog and had a German shepherd in mind. He’s wonderful with the kids, was reasonably easy to train, and alerts when people approach the property without being overly threatening or menacing. We love him because he’s a big strong dog who’s also very gentle and affectionate.”

Bull Terrier

bull terrier is a dog breed with a long snout
Bull terrier. Photo credit: Canva.

Bull terriers have a unique appearance. Unlike other long-nosed breeds, their longer snout is not as well defined, making their entire head resemble an egg in shape.

You may recognize a bull terrier as a brand mascot. One, there is Bullseye, the dog that represent Target Stores. And, two, the iconic Spuds MacKenzie, spokes-dog for Bud Light beer, was also a bull terrier.

Their distinctive looks carry over to their personality. Bred for sport, not function, their long snout stems from the original breeding between a bulldog and a terrier. Despite their somewhat stocky, intimidating looks, bull terriers are great family pets that do well with an active household.

The final word on these noble noses

While many other dog breeds with a long snout, these seven are among the most popular in American culture today. Whether known primarily for their majestic appearance and stylish looks or because of their keen hunting abilities, these long-nosed legends are all unique in their own right.

This article originally appeared on Food Drink Life.

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